Version 1 (modified by varunr, 14 years ago) (diff)

Added page.

15 References

Ainsworth, C.H. and U.R. Sumaila. 2005. Intergenerational valuation of fisheries resources can justify long-term conservation: a case study in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 62, 1104-1110.

Allen, K. R. 1971. Relation between production and biomass. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., !28:1573-1581.

Baird, D., and Ulanowicz., R. E. 1989. The seasonal dynamics of the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem. Ecological Monographs, 59(4):329-364.

Beattie, A., 2001. A new model for evaluating the optimal size, placement, and configuration of marine protected areas. M.Sc, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.

Beattie, A., Sumaila, U.R., Christensen, V. and Pauly, D., 2002. A model for the bioeconomic evaluation of marine protected area size and placement in the North Sea. Natural Resource Modeling, !15:413-437.

Beverton, R. J. H., and Holt, S. J., 1957. On the Dynamics of Exploited Fish Populations. Chapman and Hall, Facsimile reprint 1993, London. 533 pp.

Brey, T. 1999. A collection of empirical relations for use in ecological modelling. Naga. Manila, 22(3):24-28.

Browder, J. A., 1993. A pilot model of the Gulf of Mexico continental shelf. In: Trophic Models of Aquatic Ecosystems. pp. 279-284, Ed. by V. Christensen and D. Pauly, ICLARM Conference Proceedings No. 26, 390 p.,

Caddy, J. F. 1975. Spatial model for an exploited shellfish population, and its application to the Georges Bank scallop fishery. J. Fish. Res. Board. Canada, !32:1305-1328.

Calder, W. A. I., 1984. Size, function and life history. In: Harvard University Press, Cambridge. 431 p.

Christensen, V. 1995a. Ecosystem maturity - towards quantification. Ecological Modelling, 77(1):3-32.

Christensen, V. 1995b. A model of trophic interactions in the North Sea in 1981, the Year of the Stomach. Dana, 11(1):1-28.

Christensen, V. 1998. Fishery-induced changes in a marine ecosystem: insight from models of the Gulf of Thailand. Journal Of Fish Biology, 53:128-142.

Christensen, V., and Pauly, D. 1992. Ecopath II - a software for balancing steady-state ecosystem models and calculating network characteristics. Ecological Modelling, 61(3-4):169-185.

Christensen, V., and Pauly, D., 1993a. Flow characteristics of aquatic ecosystems. In: Trophic Models of Aquatic Ecosystems. pp. 338-352, Ed. by V. Christensen and D. Pauly, ICLARM Conference Proceedings 26, Manila

Christensen, V., and Pauly, D., eds., 1993b. Trophic Models of Aquatic Ecosystems. ICLARM Conference Proceedings 26, Manila, 390 pp.

Christensen, V., and Walters, C. J. 2004. Ecopath with Ecosim: methods, capabilities and limitations. Ecological Modelling, 172(2-4):109-139.

Christensen V. and Walters C.J. 2004b. Trade-offs in ecosystem-scale optimization of fisheries management policies. Bulletin of Marine Science 74:549 –562.

Cushing, D. H., 1975. Marine ecology and fisheries. In: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 278 p.

Dalsgaard, J. P. T., Lightfoot, C., and Christensen, V. 1995. Towards quantification of ecological sustainability in farming systems analysis. Ecological Engineering, 4(3):181-189.

Deriso, R. B. 1980. Harvesting strategies and parameter estimation for an age-structured model. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 37:268-282.

Ernest, S. K. M., and Brown, J. H. 2001. Delayed Compensation for Missing Keystone Species by Colonization. Science, 292(5514):101-104.

Finn, J. T. 1976. Measures of ecosystem structure and function derived from analysis of flows. J. Theor. Biol., 56:363-380.

Froese, R., and Pauly, D., eds., 2000. FishBase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources. ICLARM, Los Baños, Philippines, 346 pp.

Funtowicz, S. O., and Ravetz, J. R., 1990. Uncertainty and Quality in Science for Policy. Kluwer, Dortrecht.

Gayanilo, F. C. J., Sparre, P., and Pauly, D., 1996. The FAO-ICLARM Fish Stock Assessment Tools (FiSAT) User's Guide. In: FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries) No. 7. FAO, Rome. 126 p.

Golley, F. B., 1993. A History of the Ecosystem Concept in Ecology. In: Yale University Press, New Haven.

Guénette, S., and Diallo, I., 2002. Addenda: Eléments pour la construction de modèles de l'écosystème de la zone économique de Guinée pour les années 1985 et 1998. In: Modèles trophiques des ecosystèmes marins nord-ouest africains / Trophic models of northwest African marine ecosystems. Projet SIAP, Module Ecopath, Document Technique N° 3 (SIAP/EP/DT/03). pp. 104-108, Ed. by D. Pauly, J. M. Vakily, and M. L. Palomares, SIAP Project Coordination Unit, Conakry, Guinea

Hannon, B. 1973. The structure of ecosystems. J. Theor. Biol., !41:535-546.

Hannon, B., and Joiris, C. 1989. A seasonal analysis of the southern North Sea ecosystem. Ecology, 70(6):1916-1934.

Hilborn, R., and Walters, C. J. 1987. A general model for simulation of stock and fleet dynamics in spatially heterogeneous fisheries. Canadian Journal Of Fisheries And Aquatic Sciences, 44(7):1366-1369.

Hoenig, J. M. 1983. Empirical use of longevity data to estimate mortality rates. Fish. Bull., 82(1):898-903.

Hurlbert, S. H. 1978. The measurement of niche overlap and some relatives. Ecology, !59:67-77.

Jarre, A., Muck, P., and Pauly, D., 1991a. Two approaches for modelling fish stock interactions in the Peruvian upwelling ecosystem. 171-184 pp.

Jarre, A., Muck, P., and Pauly, D. 1991b. Two approaches for modelling fish stock interactions in the Peruvian upwelling ecosystem. ICES mar. Sci. Symp., !193:178-184.

Jarre, A., Palomares, M. L., Soriano, M. L., Sambilay, V. C., Jr., and Pauly, D., 1991c. Some new analytical and comparative methods for estimating the food consumption of fish. 99-108 pp.

Laska, M. S., and Woottom, J. T. 1998. Theoretical concepts and empirical approaches to measuring interaction strength. Ecology, !79:461-476.

Leontief, W. W., 1951. The Structure of the U.S. Economy. Oxford University Press, New York.

Libralato, S., Christensen, V., and Pauly, D. 2006. A method for identifying keystone species in food web models. Ecological Modelling, 195(3-4):153-171.

Liermann, M., and Hilborn, R. 1997. Depensation in fish stocks: a hierarchic Bayesian meta-analysis. Canadian Journal Of Fisheries And Aquatic Sciences, !54:1976-1984.

Lindeman, R. L. 1942. The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology. Ecology, !23:399-418.

Loman, J. 1986. Use of overlap indices as competition coefficients: tests with field data. Ecological Modelling, !34:231-243.

MacDonald, J. S., and Green, R. H. 1983. Redundancy of variables used to describe importance of prey species in fish diets. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., !40:635-637.

Mackay, A. 1981. The generalized inverse. Practical Computing (September), 108-110.

Magnússon, K. G., 1995. An overview of the multispecies VPA - theory and applications. In: Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 5(2): 195-212.

Majkowski, J., 1982. Usefulness and applicability of sensitivity analysis in a multispecies approach to fisheries management. In: Theory and management of tropical fisheries. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 9. pp. 149-165, Ed. by D. Pauly and G. I. Murphy,

Martell, S. 1999. Incorporating seasonality into Ecopath. FishBytes, 5(6):1-3. Fisheries Centre, UBC.

McAllister, M. K., Pikitch, E. K., Punt, A. E., and Hilborn, R. 1994. A Bayesian approach to stock assessment and harvest decisions using the sampling/importance resampling algorithm. Canadian Journal Of Fisheries And Aquatic Sciences, 51(12):2673-2687.

Mendelssohn, R., 1989. Reanalysis of recruitment estimates of the Peruvian anchoveta in relation to other population parameters and the surrounding environment. In: The Peruvian Upwelling Ecosystem: Dynamics and Interactions. pp. 364-385, Ed. by D. Pauly, P. Muck, J. Mendo, and I. Tsukayama, ICLARM Conference Proceedings 18,

Moriarty, D. J. W., and Pullin, R. S. V., eds., 1987. Detritus and microbial ecology in aquaculture. ICLARM Conference Proceedings 14, 420 p.

Myers, R. A., Barrowman, N. J., Hutchings, J. A., and Rosenberg, A. A. 1995. Population dynamics of exploited fish stocks at low population levels. Science, 269(5227):1106-1108.

Naeem, S., and Li, S. 1997. Biodiversity enhances ecosystem reliability. Nature, 390(6659):507-509.

Nash, J. C., 1979. Compact Numerical Methods for Computers: Linear Algebra and Functional Minimization. Adam Hilger Ltd, Bristol.

Nee, S. 1990. Community construction. Trends Ecol. Evol., 5(10):337-339.

Ney, J. J. 1990. Trophic economics in fisheries: assessment of demand-supply relationships between predators and prey. Rev. Aquat. Sci., 2(1):55-81.

Odum, E. P. 1969. The strategy of ecosystem development. Science, !104:262-270.

Odum, E. P., 1971. Fundamentals of Ecology. W.B. Saunders Co, Philadelphia. 574 pp.

Odum, H. T. 1988. Self-organization, transformity and information. Science, !242:1132-1139.

Odum, W. E., and Heald, E. J., 1975. The detritus-based food web of an estuarine mangrove community. In: Estuarine research. pp. 265-286, Ed. by L. E. Cronin, Academic Press, New York, Vol. 1.

Okey, T. A., Banks, S., Born, A. F., Bustamante, R. H., Calvopiña, M., Edgar, G. J., Espinoza, E., Fariña, J. M., Garske, L. E., Reck, G. K., Salazar, S., Shepherd, S., Toral-Granda, V., and Wallem, P. 2004. A trophic model of a Galápagos subtidal rocky reef for evaluating fisheries and conservation strategies. Ecological Modelling, !172:383-401.

Okey, T. A., and Pauly, D., 1998. A trophic mass-balance model of Alaska's Prince William Sound ecosystem, for the post-spill period 1994-1996. Report, Fisheries Centre research reports. Vancouver BC [Fish. Cent. Res. Rep.], 1998, vol. 6, no. 4, 155 pp.

Okey, T. A., and Pauly, D., eds., 1999. Trophic mass-balance model of Alaska's Prince William Sound ecosystem for the post-spill period 1994-1996. Fisheries Centre University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, xii, 138 p.: p., col. ill., maps (some col.), 128 cm. pp.

Paine, R. T. 1969. A note on trophic complexity and community stability. American Naturalist, !103:91-93.

Paine, R. T. 1992. Food-web analysis through field measurement of per capita interaction strength. Nature, 355(6355):73-75.

Paine, R. T. 2002. Trophic Control of Production in a Rocky Intertidal Community. Science, 296(5568):736-739.

Palomares, M. L. D., and Pauly, D. 1989. A multiple regression model for predicting the food consumption of marine fish populations. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res., !40:259-273.

Palomares, M. L. D., and Pauly, D. 1998. Predicting food consumption of fish populations as functions of mortality, food type, morphometrics, temperature and salinity. Marine & Freshwater Research, 49(5):447-453.

Pauly, D. 1980. On the interrelationships between natural mortality, growth parameters, and mean environmental temperature in 175 fish stocks. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, !39:175-192.

Pauly, D., 1984. Fish population dynamics in tropical waters: A manual for use with programmable calculators. ICLARM, MANILA (PHILIPPINES).

Pauly, D. 1986. A simple method for estimating the food consumption of fish populations from growth data of food conversion experiments. U.S. Fish. Bull., 84(4):827-840.

Pauly, D., 1989. Food consumption by tropical and temperate marine fishes: some generalizations. In: J. Fish Biol. (Suppl. A), pp. 11-20.

Pauly, D., and Christensen, V., 1993. Stratified models of large marine ecosystems: a general approach and an application to the South China Sea. In: Large marine ecosystems: stress, mitigation and sustainability. AAAS Press, Washington, DC. pp. 148-174, Ed. by K. Sherman, L. M. Alexander, and B. D. Gold,

Pauly, D., and Christensen, V. 1995. Primary production required to sustain global fisheries. Nature, 374(6519):255-257 [Erratum in Nature, 376: 279].

Pauly, D., Christensen, V., Dalsgaard, J., Froese, R., and Torres, F., Jr. 1998a. Fishing down marine food webs. Science, 279(5352):860-863.

Pauly, D., Christensen, V., and Walters, C. 2000. Ecopath, Ecosim, and Ecospace as tools for evaluating ecosystem impact of fisheries. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57(3):697-706.

Pauly, D., Moreau, J., and Abad, N. 1995. Comparison of age-structured and length-converted catch curves of brown trout Salmo trutta in two French rivers. Fisheries Research, !22:197-204.

Pauly, D., Pitcher, T., and Preikshot, D., eds., 1998b. Back to the future: Reconstructing the Strait of Georgia ecosystem. Fisheries Centre Research Reports, 6(5), 103 pp.

Pauly, D., Soriano-Bartz, M., and Palomares, M. L., 1993a. Improved construction, parametrization and interpretation of steady-state ecosystem models. In: Trophic models of aquatic ecosystems. ICLARM Conference Proceedings No. 26. pp. 1-13, Ed. by V. Christensen and D. Pauly,

Pauly, D., Soriano-Bartz, M. L., and Palomares, M. L. D., 1993b. Improved construction, parametrization and interpretation of steady-state ecosystem models. ICLARM, MANILA (PHILIPPINES). 1-13 pp.

Pianka, E. R. 1973. The structure of lizard communities. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst., !4:53-74.

Piraino, S., Fanelli, G., and Boero, F. 2002. Variability of species' roles in marine communities: change of paradigms for conservation priorities. Marine Biology, !140:1067-1074.

Polovina, J. J. 1984a. Model of a coral reef ecosystems I. The ECOPATH model and its application to French Frigate Shoals. Coral Reefs, 3(1):1-11.

Polovina, J. J. 1984b. An overview of the ECOPATH model. Fishbyte, 2(2):5-7.

Polovina, J. J., and Marten, G. G., 1982. A comparative study of fish yields from various tropical ecosystems. In: Theory and management of tropical fisheries. ICLARM Conference Proceedings. 9. pp. 255-286, Ed. by D. Pauly and G. I. Murphy,

Power, M. E., Tilman, D., Estes, J. A., Menge, B. A., Bond, W. J., Mills, L. S., Daily, G., Castilla, J. C., Lubchenco, J., and Paine, R. T. 1996. Challenges in the quest for keystones. Bioscience, 46(8):609-620.

Ricker, W. E., 1968. Food from the sea. In: Resources and man. A study and recommendations. pp. 87-108, Ed. by C. o. Resources and Man, W.H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco

Robson, D. S., and Chapman, D. G. 1961. Catch curves and mortality rates. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc., 90(2):181-189.

Schnute, J. 1987. A general fishery model for a size-structured fish population. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., !44:924-940.

Shannon, L. J., Christensen, V., and Walters, C. 2004. Modelling stock dynamics in the southern Benguela ecosystem over the last twenty five years. African Journal of Marine Science, !26:179-196.

Sheldon, R. W., Prahask, A., and Sutcliffe Jr., W. H. 1972. The size distribution of particles in the ocean. Limnology and Oceanography, !17:327-340.

Sheldon, R. W., Sutcliffe Jr., W. H., and Paranjape, M. A. 1977. The structure of the pelagic food chain and the relationship between plankton and fish production. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., !34:2344-2353.

Skud, B. E., 1975. Revised estimates of halibut abundance and the Thompson-Burkenroad debate. International Pacific Halibut Commission Scientific Report 56,

Sparre, P. 1991. An introduction to multispecies virtual analysis. ICES Mar. Sci. Symp., !193:12-21.

Tilman, D. 2000. Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity. Nature, 405(6783):208-211.

Ulanowicz, R. E., 1986. Growth and Development: Ecosystem Phenomenology. Springer Verlag (reprinted by iUniverse, 2000), New York. 203 pp.

Ulanowicz, R. E., 1995. Ecosystem Trophic Foundations: Lindeman Exonerata. In: Chapter 21 p. 549-560 In: B.C. Patten and S.E. Jørgensen (eds.) Complex ecology: the part-whole relation in ecosystems, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall.

Ulanowicz, R. E., and Norden, J. S. 1990. Symmetrical overhead in flow and networks. Int. J. Systems Sci., 21(2):429-437.

Ulanowicz, R. E., and Puccia, C. J. 1990. Mixed trophic impacts in ecosystems. Coenoses, !5:7-16.

Vitousek, P. M., Ehrlich, P. R., and Ehrlich, A. H. 1986. Human appropriation of the products of photosynthesis. Bioscience, !36:368-373.

Wackernagel, M., and Rees, W., 1996. Our ecological footprint: reducing the human impact on the Earth. In: New Society Publishers. Gabriela Island. 160 p.

Walters, C. J. and F. Juanes (1993). Recruitment limitations as a consequence of natural selectionfor use of restricted feeding habitats and predation risk taking by juvenile ¯shes. Can. J. Fish.Aquat. Sci. 50, 2058{2070.

Walters, C. J. and J. Korman (1999). Linking recruitment to trophic factors: revisiting theBeverton-Holt recruitment model from a life history and multispecies perspective. Rev. FishBiol. Fish. 9, 187-202.

Walters, C., and Kitchell, J. F. 2001. Cultivation/depensation effects on juvenile survival and recruitment: implications for the theory of fishing. Canadian Journal Of Fisheries And Aquatic Sciences, !58:39-50.

Walters, C., and Maguire, J. J. 1996. Lessons for stock assessment from the northern cod collapse. Reviews In Fish Biology And Fisheries, 6(2):125-137.

Walters, C., and Parma, A. M. 1996. Fixed exploitation rate strategies for coping with effects of climate change. Canadian Journal Of Fisheries And Aquatic Sciences, 53(1):148-158.

Walters, C., Christensen, V., and Pauly, D. 1997. Structuring dynamic models of exploited ecosystems from trophic mass-balance assessments. Reviews In Fish Biology And Fisheries, 7(2):139-172.

Walters, C., Pauly, D., and Christensen, V. 1999. Ecospace: Prediction of mesoscale spatial patterns in trophic relationships of exploited ecosystems, with emphasis on the impacts of marine protected areas. Ecosystems, 2(6):539-554.

Walters, C., Pauly, D., Christensen, V., and Kitchell, J. F. 2000. Representing density dependent consequences of life history strategies in aquatic ecosystems: EcoSim II. Ecosystems, 3(1):70-83.

Watters, G. M., Olson, R. J., Francis, R. C., Fiedler, P. C., Polovina, J. J., Reilly, S. B., Aydin, K. Y., Boggs, C. H., Essington, T. E., Walters, C. J., and Kitchell, J. F. 2003. Physical forcing and the dynamics of the pelagic ecosystem in the eastern tropical Pacific: simulations with ENSO-scale and global-warming climate drivers. Canadian Journal Of Fisheries And Aquatic Sciences, 60(9):1161-1175.Christensen V. and Walters C.J. (2004) Trade-offs in ecosystem-scale optimization of fisheries management policies. Bulletin of Marine Science !74:549 –562.

Winberg, G. G., 1956. Rate of metabolism and food requirements of fishes. In: Transl. Fish. Res. Board Can., Translation Series 194. pp. 1-253.